How do you know what’s going on in the world?
In a recent post on the popular online forum Reddit, a user asked how to determine what is happening in the “world” – and if it’s happening to us.
“We need to ask ourselves: What is the current state of the world?”, the user wrote.
“What is our role in it?”
The answer to that question may surprise some readers, as many things that are happening around the world can be defined as part of the “global system”, according to an article in the journal Nature Communications by researchers from the University of Queensland.
The term “global systems” refers to a global structure that governs all aspects of life and technology across all of the major societies, as well as across much of the globe.
The researchers from Australia, France, Italy, Japan, South Korea and the UK wanted to find out what is actually happening in each of the different countries, as these systems are increasingly complex.
They looked at data from the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Burden of Disease and related mortality database, which includes information on deaths, hospitalisations and hospitalisations, as part in the definition of “global”.
The WHO uses data from different countries to track the overall burden of diseases, which is used to decide WHO policies and funding.
“For instance, we are interested in the overall death rate from diseases, because that is a very important determinant of global mortality,” Dr Daphne Zangas, the lead author of the paper from the Department of Health and Population Sciences at the University, told ABC News.
“In some countries the overall mortality is very high, and there are countries where the overall global mortality is much lower than the global rate.”
To put it in perspective, in the UK, the death rate per 100,000 population is about 10,000 deaths a year.
In the US, the rate is 3,000 a year, or about 2,500 a day.
For Dr Zangs, one of the most important parts of the global system is the rate of change, and that is what she and her colleagues were looking at.
“What we find is that the global mortality rate over time is actually much higher than the rate we see from the individual countries, and the global average rate of death is much higher,” she said.
“This is due to the fact that there are more people living in countries, so the mortality rates tend to be higher.”
There are two things that we can do to look at this.
One is to look around the globe at the overall rates of death.
And we found that there’s actually more variability in death rates across countries than we see across the world.
“The other is looking at the global rates of change – changes in the number of deaths, the number and type of hospitalisations per person and the number, types and types of deaths of people with other causes of death, such as cancers.”
The researchers found that the rates of mortality in different parts of Africa, for instance, are lower than in the developed world.”
We’ve identified a lot of differences across countries and across time.”
The researchers found that the rates of mortality in different parts of Africa, for instance, are lower than in the developed world.
However, the rates in India and China were higher than in other parts of Asia.
“The global death rate is a lot higher in India than in China.
That’s due to more people there living longer, so there’s more mortality and that’s reflected in the rates that we see in India,” Dr Nell Gorman, the paper’s first author and an Associate Professor in the Department for Global Health and Public Health, said.
While some parts of Australia have a higher death rate than the rest of the country, the difference is not as big as the one seen in the US.
“It’s actually quite similar to the US,” Dr Gorman said.
The findings suggest that we are living in an interconnected world, with parts of it being more complex than others.
“Part of the reason that we think that we have such complex systems is because there are so many different ways to look in, and we all have our own biases,” Dr Jules Abrantes, from the Institute of Human Societies at the Australian National University, said in a statement.
“And it’s very hard to have a systematic analysis of the impact of these systems without taking into account the biases that exist in those systems.”
But, in a world where we are so interconnected, there’s always going to be some bias in the way we see the world, and it’s not going to matter where you live or how big you are or what you look like.